8 tax tips for when you have a baby


Whereas it’s laborious to ever be 100% prepared for a child, I’m a robust believer within the saying, “each child comes with a loaf of bread.” That means, each child comes with all kinds of blessings, together with monetary ones. As a CPA, I’m glad to report that a few of these monetary blessings are available the way in which of tax breaks just like the $2,000 baby tax credit score.

Listed below are some issues to contemplate to make certain you’re benefiting from all of the tax perks that include a brand new child.

1. Request a social safety quantity

The primary and most vital tax-related job after your child is born is to request their Social Safety quantity. Along with proving your baby’s identification, from a father or mother and tax perspective, a Social Safety quantity is required to be eligible to say the kid tax credit score/further baby tax credit score. Tax credit decrease your tax invoice dollar-for-dollar, and beginning in 2018 and persevering with into 2019, the kid tax credit score is price as much as $2,000 per qualifying baby.

You may request your baby’s Social Safety quantity within the hospital whereas additionally finishing their delivery certificates paperwork. Sure, you possibly can request a Social Safety quantity later utilizing Type SS-5, nevertheless it’s a lot simpler to do it whereas nonetheless on the hospital and earlier than sleep deprivation units in.

Talking of delivery certificates, I like to recommend ordering a number of copies since you will want to offer an unique copy for issues like opening a checking account, receiving insurance coverage advantages, childcare and faculty registrations, acquiring an identification card or driver’s license, journey, and making use of for a passport.

2. Evaluate and replace your employer advantages

Having a brand new child is a qualifying life occasion that may make you eligible to alter your advantages exterior the yearly open enrollment interval. Relying on the advantages supplier, you could have 30 or 60 days so as to add your baby to your medical health insurance coverage and make some other crucial modifications to your employer-sponsored advantages, together with well being financial savings accounts (HSA) or versatile spending accounts (FSA).

three. Think about beginning a Dependent Care FSA…

In case your employer offers a Dependent Care FSA, and also you’ll be paying for childcare to can help you return to work, you might wish to think about contributing to this pre-tax account. You may contribute as much as $5,000 per yr to pay for certified baby care bills, equivalent to daycare, preschool, nanny, earlier than or after faculty packages, and summer season day camps for youngsters underneath age 13, if you’re married and submitting collectively. You should definitely preserve observe of the receipts to your bills as soon as it’s time to file a declare and be reimbursed out of your FSA.

Remember, you possibly can solely use these funds for certified baby care bills and they don’t roll over from yr to yr. So if one father or mother later decides to remain house or a grandparent watches Junior in trade for hugs and kisses, you might be out that cash sitting within the FSA account.

four. and, using the Baby and Dependent Care Tax Credit score

In case your employer doesn’t provide a Dependent Care FSA, you could possibly make the most of the Baby and Dependent Care Tax Credit score. As soon as once more, if you’re paying for childcare so as to work, as of 2018, the whole bills you possibly can declare is $three,000 for one baby and $6,000 for 2 or extra youngsters.

The tax credit score depends upon your revenue degree, beginning at 35% of childcare bills for the bottom revenue earners and goes right down to 20% of childcare bills for anybody incomes $43,000 or extra. Subsequently, the credit score is price between $600 and $1,050 in the event you’re paying for the care of 1 baby underneath age 13, or between $1,200 and $2,100 in the event you’re paying for the care of two or extra youngsters underneath 13.

Conditions the place you need to use each the Dependent Care FSA and the Baby and Dependent Care Tax Credit score

When you’ve got a number of youngsters and contribute to a Dependent Care FSA, you possibly can take additionally make the most of the Baby and Dependent Care Tax Credit score. The $6,000 baby care expense cap for the tax credit score for 2 or extra youngsters is $1,000 larger than the FSA contribution restrict. Subsequently, you may as well calculate the Baby Care Tax Credit score on the remaining $1,000 that was “unreimbursable” out of your FSA. Relying in your revenue degree, that might prevent one other $200 to $350 on taxes.

In case you nonetheless need assistance deciding whether or not to contribute to a Dependent Care FSA or use the Baby Care Tax Credit score, this weblog publish goes into extra element about every choice.

5. Pay attention to tax necessities when hiring a nanny

In case you resolve to rent a nanny as an alternative of pay for daycare, you might be topic to nanny taxes. For 2018, when you pay a nanny or any family worker $2,100 or extra in a calendar yr (or $1,000 or extra in a calendar quarter) you’ve gotten now develop into an employer within the eyes of the IRS. You’ll now be accountable for paying the employer portion of your nanny’s Social Safety, Medicare, and associated unemployment taxes. Additionally, you will be accountable for withholding and remitting your nanny’s portion of their Social Safety, Medicare, and revenue taxes. You may both have further taxes withheld from your personal paycheck or make quarterly estimated tax funds to cowl your further tax tasks.

You’ll additionally want each a federal and state tax identification quantity to be able to report your nanny taxes. You’ll additionally must file quarterly state tax returns, present your nanny with a W-2 on the finish of the yr, report their wages to the Social Safety Administration, and file Schedule H as a part of your annual tax return. If that feels like an excessive amount of trouble, there are companies that may handle these tax reporting necessities for you.

6. Observe qualifying adoption bills to say the adoption credit score

In case you’ve determined to develop your loved ones by adopting a baby, the tax legal guidelines additionally present some monetary help to offset the excessive prices of adoption. In case your employer offers advantages for adoption help, these may be excluded from revenue. Adoptive mother and father also can use the adoption credit score, which is price as a lot as $13,840 as of 2018. The tax credit score is nonrefundable, which suggests it’s restricted to your tax legal responsibility for the yr. Any credit score in extra of your tax legal responsibility could also be carried ahead for as much as 5 years, which is useful since adoption is usually a multi-year course of.

Certified adoption bills embrace issues equivalent to:

  • Cheap and crucial adoption charges
  • Court docket prices and lawyer charges
  • Touring bills (together with quantities spent for meals and lodging whereas away from house), and
  • Different bills which can be straight associated to and for the principal function of the authorized adoption of an eligible baby

In case you undertake a particular wants baby, you might be usually capable of declare the complete credit score quantity within the yr the adoption is finalized, even when your precise adoption prices are much less. In keeping with the IRS, “particular wants adoptions” are the adoptions of kids whom the state’s baby welfare company considers troublesome to put for adoption.

7. Save for future schooling bills

529 plans are an effective way to save lots of to your baby’s school schooling. And as an additional perk, some states can help you deduct some or your entire qualifying 529 plan contribution for state revenue tax functions. In 2018, you possibly can contribute as much as $15,000 per yr to your baby with no present tax legal responsibility. In case you’re married, you and your partner can contribute and quit to $30,000 per individual, per yr. Within the case of 529s, you may make 5 years’ price of contributions directly ($75,000 for a person, $150,000 for a married couple) earlier than being responsible for the federal present tax.

In case you aren’t certain whether or not your baby will attend school, 2017’s tax reform now permits 529 plan distributions for use tax-free for personal elementary and secondary faculty bills. The restrict is $10,000 in qualifying bills per scholar every year. This consists of each public, personal, or spiritual faculties. Nonetheless, not each state will comply with the brand new tax provisions, so make certain your state 529 plan conforms to federal modifications earlier than utilizing these funds to pay for personal highschool.

One other tax-friendly choice for school financial savings is a Roth IRA. Whereas the contribution limits are decrease than a 529 plan at $5,500 per yr ($6,500 in the event you’re over 50) for 2018 and $6,000 per yr ($7,000 in the event you’re over 50) beginning in 2019, you’ll have a bit extra flexibility with how you need to use the funds out of your Roth IRA. On the identical time, Roth IRAs often have extra funding choices, which suggests you possibly can implement your personal funding technique.

Since contributions are made with after-tax , your account can develop tax-free.  These contributions may be withdrawn at any time and for any function with out taxes or penalties. You too can withdraw your earnings penalty-free and tax-free, if they’re used for certified larger schooling bills and the Roth IRA account is not less than 5 years previous.

eight. Save for incapacity bills

In case your baby has a incapacity, you’ve gotten the choice to contribute to a state’s 529A ABLE account. These are tax-advantaged accounts which can assist people with disabilities pay for certified incapacity bills. In case you initially contributed to a standard 529 plan to your baby and now must pay for incapacity bills, it’s doable to roll over restricted quantities from a 529 plan to an ABLE account.

Like a 529 plan used for schooling bills, contributions are restricted to $15,000 per particular person earlier than incurring a present tax legal responsibility. And sure states might can help you deduct ABLE account contributions in your state revenue tax return.

Plan for the long run

Whereas there are good tax strikes you may make as soon as your new child arrives, there are additionally a number of monetary issues to make when you’re anticipating. For instance, you’ll wish to guarantee you’ve gotten ample life insurance coverage protection and having a dependent means it’s time to do some property planning. This consists of drafting (or reviewing) a will, selecting a guardian to your youngsters, updating beneficiary designations, and probably making a belief.

I do know that having a child is an thrilling, busy, and sure, costly time of life. We’ve accomplished it 3 times! Luckily, your new bundle of pleasure comes with a couple of tax perks to stability out the sleepless nights and numerous diaper modifications.

Cathy Derus is the founding father of Brightwater Accounting. As a CPA and monetary planner, she helps people and enterprise homeowners get rid of stress and fear over taxes, enterprise funds, and extra. Anybody can throw numbers into tax software program. She’s right here that will help you make sense of these numbers and create a greater monetary technique for your enterprise and life. Her experience has been featured in Entrepreneur, CNBC, US Information & World Report, The Washington Publish, Actual Easy, and Cosmopolitan.

Haven Life Insurance coverage Company doesn’t present tax, authorized, accounting or funding recommendation. This materials has been ready for informational functions solely, and isn’t supposed to offer, and shouldn’t be relied on for, tax, authorized, accounting or funding recommendation. It’s best to seek the advice of your personal tax, authorized, and accounting advisors earlier than partaking in any transaction. People concerned within the property planning course of ought to work with an property planning crew, together with their very own private authorized or tax counsel.

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