The hardest working people in America

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Exhausting work has all the time been half and parcel to the American Dream. Per the Group of Financial Co-operation and Growth, the USA is ranked 14th among the many main industrial nations for the variety of annual hours labored—two ranks above the OECD common, forward of Japan, the UK, Germany, and Australia.

These prolonged hours, coupled with advances in know-how, have helped gas broad financial development. Based on the Bureau of Labor Statistics, multifactor productiveness—a measure of nationwide financial efficiency and its effectivity—is greater than twice right this moment what it was in 1987 and greater than seven instances 1950’s numbers.

Based on knowledge from the U.S. Census, regardless of a pointy drop-off after the Nice Recession, common weekly work hours have been steadily rising since 2010. Longer hours have corresponded with a rise in common commute instances, suggesting that People are more and more prepared to journey farther to work longer. Contemplating the present dialog round whether or not emailing whereas commuting constitutes work, these numbers have drawn some to ask if People have a wholesome work-life steadiness.

To higher perceive how onerous People work throughout the nation, researchers at Haven Life analyzed probably the most not too long ago up to date U.S. Census knowledge for 2017. Moderately than solely taking a look at “work hours” per week for every metropolis, Haven Life analysts additionally factored in commute instances to get a greater estimate of the full work-related time every metropolis’s residents are placing in. Taking commute instances under consideration, Haven Life recognized 12 cities whose mixed complete working and commuting hours exceed 46 hours per week. Right here’s what else they discovered:

Takeaways

  • Throughout the key cities within the U.S., the full time individuals spend working and commuting every week ranges from a low of 34.7 hours in Provo, Utah to a excessive of virtually 47 hours in Walnut Creek, California. The nationwide common is 43.three hours per week (38.eight working hours and four.5 commuting hours), in keeping with knowledge from the 2017 American Neighborhood Survey.
  • Surprisingly, early rising cities don’t essentially work longer hours. There is no such thing as a important correlation between the proportion of the inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7:00 AM and complete working/commuting hours.
  • Working onerous pays off. Cities whose residents put in additional time working and commuting every week usually tend to have larger median incomes. The evaluation signifies a optimistic correlation between complete working/commuting hours and median family earnings.
  • There’s a slight unfavourable correlation between the unemployment charge and complete working/commuting hours, suggesting that individuals in cities with larger unemployment usually tend to work fewer hours.
  • Communities which can be “bed room communities,” or communities the place a big share of the employed inhabitants works in a close-by metropolis, usually tend to depart for work earlier and have longer commute instances.

The toughest working cities

New York City cityscape on a sunny day

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12. New York, New York

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.zero hours per week
  • Working time: 39.zero hours per week
  • Commuting time: 7.zero hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 22.2%
  • Median family earnings: $60,879
  • Unemployment charge: 6.four%

It needs to be no shock that the “Metropolis that By no means Sleeps” would have a number of the hardest working residents. The nation’s hub for finance, leisure, media, and commerce, New York Metropolis reviews 46 mixed commuting and dealing hours per week for its residents. This can be difficult by the truth that public transportation is the first mode of transportation for many New Yorkers. This result in practically a 3rd of all New Yorkers leaving for work earlier than 7 AM and the common New Yorker tallying four.5 hours of commuting time per week.

Skyline of Exchange Place at Jersey City, New Jersey, USA.

11. Jersey Metropolis, New Jersey

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.zero hours per week
  • Working time: 39.9 hours per week
  • Commuting time: 6.1 hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 20.1%
  • Median family earnings: $66,264
  • Unemployment charge: 5.three%

It isn’t simply costly to stay in New York Metropolis; it’s costly to stay wherever within the New York metropolitan space. With a median family earnings barely above the nationwide common of $60,336 and an unemployment charge one share level above the remainder of the USA, many could discover it onerous to make ends meet on this North New Jersey metropolis. Main monetary corporations reminiscent of UBS, Goldman Sachs, Chase, Citibank, and Merrill Lynch all maintain courtroom on the Jersey Metropolis shore. The excessive commuting time, nonetheless, means that many Jersey Metropolis residents commonly commute to the Massive Metropolis.

Dusk over Telegraph Hill, Alcatraz Island and San Francisco Bay from the Financial District.

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10. San Francisco, California

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.zero hours per week
  • Working time: 40.four hours per week
  • Commuting time: 5.6 hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 18%
  • Median family earnings: $110,816
  • Unemployment charge: three.eight%

One of the vital costly cities in North America, San Francisco could be a troublesome metropolis to stay in. That is due partly to the tech job increase occurring within the metropolis and in adjoining Silicon Valley. The seventh largest city economic system within the nation by gross home product, San Francisco has turn out to be the hub of the “new economic system,” with Apple, Google, Fb, and Twitter all having headquarters within the San Francisco metropolitan space. With many individuals residing within the metropolis and commuting south for work—largely in an business that’s infamous for lengthy hours— it’s not stunning that San Francisco is excessive on the listing.

Washington DC panorama near Potomac River. A view on bridges across the river and Alexandria, Virginia.

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9. Alexandria, Virginia

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.zero hours per week
  • Working time: 40.7 hours per week
  • Commuting time: 5.three hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 24.four%
  • Median family earnings: $100,530
  • Unemployment charge: three.three%

Like a lot of Northern Virginia, the economic system of Alexandria is predicated on the federal authorities. This encourages excessive wages, but in addition lengthy days at work. With a each day commute in extra of an hour and with 1 / 4 of town’s employees leaving for work earlier than 7 AM, Alexandria is a serious commuter hub for Washington. Most of Alexandria’s employment is within the administration, enterprise, and monetary sector.

Fishers, Indiana, train station

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eight. Fishers, Indiana

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.zero hours per week
  • Working time: 41.7 hours per week
  • Commuting time: four.three hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 15.1%
  • Median family earnings: $113,560
  • Unemployment charge: three.four%

The youngest metropolis on this listing, Fishers transitioned from a city to a metropolis in 2015—a change that displays the fast development of this Indianapolis suburb. Its common commute time of four.three hours per week means that town is a commuter hub for neighboring Indianapolis. Fishers largest employer is Navient, a servicer and collector of pupil loans, and Freedom Mortgage. Fishers can be part of the Indianapolis metropolitan space, the place commerce and transportation is the first business.

suburbs in San Ramon California showing urban sprawl and million dollar houses and homes below Mount Diablo

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7. San Ramon, California

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.2 hours per week
  • Working time: 39.1 hours per week
  • Commuting time: 7.1 hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 21.four%
  • Median family earnings: $161,870
  • Unemployment charge: 2.9%

Part of the San Francisco metropolitan space, San Ramon has one of many lowest unemployment charges of the cities on this listing, but in addition one of many longest commutes. The house of Chevron, 24-Hour Health, the west coast headquarters of AT&T, in addition to regional workplaces for UPS, Toyota, and GE International Analysis, town has a big manufacturing base. A major a part of the San Ramon workforce are commuters to San Francisco and Silicon Valley.

Atascocita, Texas- Aerial View with lake Houston

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6. Atascocita, Texas

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.three hours per week
  • Working time: 40.5 hours per week
  • Commuting time: 5.eight hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 51.three%
  • Median family earnings: $99,789
  • Unemployment charge: 5.three%

A suburb of Houston, Atascocita has been named one of many “Greatest Locations to Retire” by U.S. Information & World Report, citing the massive variety of leisure providers. ‘Commerce, transportation, and utilities’ and ‘skilled and enterprise providers’ are the 2 main industries within the Houston metropolitan space. Nonetheless, Atascocita’s affluence—with a median family earnings of roughly $100,00zero—means that many low-wage earners would wish to work longer hours to afford to stay in the neighborhood. Coupled with greater than half of town’s employees leaving for work earlier than 7 AM and the lengthy commute time, a lot of Atascocita’s residents journey to Houston for work.

Pumping unit in Midland County, Texas

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5. Odessa, Texas

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.three hours per week
  • Working time: 42.9 hours per week
  • Commuting time: three.four hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 29.7%
  • Median family earnings: $58,919

Initially an oil city, Odessa has seen diversification efforts from power to logistics lately, capitalizing on town’s connection to the street and rail hyperlinks in West Texas. This has led to Odessa turning into the house to distribution facilities for Household Greenback and Coca-Cola, in addition to new power amenities, reminiscent of a coal air pollution migration plant, a wind farm, and a brand new nuclear plant. With common weekly work hours in extra of 40 hours per week, and with greater than 1 / 4 of Odessa’s employees beginning work earlier than 7 AM, Odessa conveys the sensation of a hard-driving oil city.

Primary election day in North Bethesda, Maryland, USA

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four. Bethesda, Maryland

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.four hours per week
  • Working time: 41.5 hours per week
  • Commuting time: four.9 hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 12.eight%
  • Median family earnings: $166,380
  • Unemployment charge: 2.7%

A suburb of the nation’s capital, Bethesda is likely one of the top-earning communities and best-educated cities within the U.S. As anticipated from communities within the Washington, DC metropolitan space, the key employers within the space are authorities establishments such because the Nationwide Institutes of Well being. Regardless of this, Bethesda can be residence to many personal companies, with HMSHost, Lockheed Martin, AREVA, Trustworthy Tea, and RLJ Corporations all having a presence there. Reflective of its setting, town has higher-than-average wages, lower-than-average unemployment, and above-average hours labored.

Windmills in Altamont Pass overlook Tracy, California

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three. Tracy, California

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.5 hours per week
  • Working time: 38.5 hours per week
  • Commuting time: eight.zero hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 46.four%
  • Median family earnings: $89,936
  • Unemployment charge: four.zero%

One other metropolis within the San Francisco metropolitan space, Tracy largely host commuters to Silicon Valley and to San Francisco. Nonetheless, being over 60 miles away, Tracy boasts the longest common commute time of any metropolis within the nation at eight hours per week, or over an hour and a half per day. As with most San Francisco-adjacent cities, rising housing prices are possible forcing lower-paid employees to both transfer or work longer hours to get by.

Rosslyn, Arlington, Virginia, USA city skyline on the Potomac River.

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2. Arlington, Virginia

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.7 hours per week
  • Working time: 41.eight hours per week
  • Commuting time: four.9 hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 16.three%
  • Median family earnings: $117,237
  • Unemployment charge: 2.5%

Previously part of the District of Columbia, Arlington is the house of the Pentagon, the Reagan Nationwide Airport, Arlington Nationwide Cemetery, DARPA, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the TSA, and plenty of different workplaces. Nonetheless, a lot of its residents commonly commute to D.C. As with most Washington, D.C. metropolitan space communities, Arlington has lengthy working hours, a excessive median family earnings, and low unemployment.

Sunset from Mt Diablo Summit Looking West.

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1. Walnut Creek, California

  • Complete time (working + commuting): 46.9 hours per week
  • Working time: 40.eight hours per week
  • Commuting time: 6.1 hours per week
  • Proportion of inhabitants leaving for work earlier than 7AM: 31.2%
  • Median family earnings: $100,180
  • Unemployment charge: 6.7%

Based on our evaluation, the toughest working metropolis in America is Walnut Creek, California. With well-above-average working hours and commuting hours, residents of this San Francisco suburb put in virtually 47 hours of work-related time every week. Given its location, Walnut Creek is a well-liked commuter hub, offering its residents with entry to neighboring cities reminiscent of Sacramento, Oakland, San Jose, and San Francisco. Nonetheless, as extra individuals transfer out of town looking for extra reasonably priced housing, visitors has suffered resulting in ever-longer commutes.

The information used on this evaluation is from the U.S. Census Bureau 2017 American Neighborhood Survey 1-12 months Estimates. Imply weekly commuting time for every metropolis was derived from its imply one-way commuting time assuming two journeys per day accomplished 5 days per week. The overall weekly working/commuting time is the sum of working time and commuting time. Cities have been ordered by this mixed complete. Within the occasion of a tie, working time was used to order cities. Solely cities with instances exceeding 46 hours per week have been included within the ultimate listing.

Haven Life Insurance coverage Company LLC (Haven Life) analyzed this analysis for instructional/informational functions solely. Haven Life is an internet life insurance coverage company providing time period life insurance coverage issued by Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance coverage Firm. Haven Life doesn’t present tax, authorized, funding recommendation, and the data within the examine shouldn’t be relied on as such. It is best to seek the advice of your personal tax, authorized, funding, and different advisors, as acceptable, earlier than participating in any transaction.

Haven Time period is a Time period Life Insurance coverage Coverage (ICC15DTC) issued by Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance coverage Firm (MassMutual), Springfield, MA 01111 and provided solely by means of Haven Life Insurance coverage Company, LLC. Not all riders can be found in all states. Our Company license quantity in California is 0K71922 and in Arkansas, 100139527.

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